Monday, August 31, 2020

Psalm 13

A verse-by-verse study of Psalm 13. Move with David as he transcends his perceived abandonment by God to his great trust in the Lord.

Psalm 13

Revelation 16

A verse-by-verse study of Revelation chapter 16. John sees seven angels given bowls of God's wrath and their outpouring of the is wrath on the earth. This will end the wrath of God and prepare the way for the return of Christ.

Revelation 16:1-11

Revelation 16:12-21

Friday, August 28, 2020

Psalm 12

A verse-by-verse study of Psalm 12. David is surrounded by words from wicked men and knows that only God and His Word is the answer.

Psalm 12

Verse of the Week: Jude 1

Verse of the Week: Jude 1     

v.1 Jude, a bond-servant of Jesus Christ, and brother of James, to those who are the called, beloved in God the Father and kept for Jesus Christ:

(The majority of footnotes is from the Ryrie Study Bible. They are included to give further teaching on quoted verses)

We now begin a study through the epistle of St. Jude. The half-brother of Jesus had intended to write about our salvation in Christ but was faced with insidious foes creeping into the church and spreading false teachings throughout the congregations. Jude writes a warning to all congregations that is as relevant to day as it was when he wrote over 1900 years ago.

Jude- Jude identifies himself in this passage as the brother of James.

            Jude literally means “Judas.” But to avoid connection or confusion our English translations use Jude.
·         Judas was a common first century name.
·         There are 6 different “Judas” in the New Testament:

(1) Judas Iscariot, the betrayer of Jesus and one of the twelve apostles (Matthew 10:4);

(2) Judas the son of James, and one of the twelve apostles (Luke 6:16);

(3) Judas, a brother of Jesus (Matthew 13:55) this is the person who wrote the letter we are studying;

(4) Judas, Paul’s host in Damascus (Acts 9:11);

(5) Judas, called Barsabbas, a leading Christian in Jerusalem and a companion of Paul (Acts 15:22);

(6) Judas, a revolutionary leader (Acts 5:37);

·         Jude did not believe in Jesus (along with James) until after the resurrection:
For not even His brothers were believing in Him. John 7:5

This was predicted in the Psalms:

I have become estranged from my brothers,
            And an alien to my mother’s sons. Psalm 69:8

But after the resurrection they had the ultimate change of heart:

These all with one mind were continually devoting themselves to prayer; along with the women, and Mary the mother of Jesus, and with His brothers. Acts 1:14

            A bond-servant- (Gr. Doulos) A slave, a servant. This would be typical of prisoners of war. They would be bound and carried off as booty. Not so with Jude. Jude had bound himself voluntarily over to a Master, Jesus Christ. Jude did not esteem himself to be called the half-brother of Jesus, though he was a blood relative. This demonstrates the simple fact that Jude could call himself, as we all can, the twice-born, once to sin and once to Christ.

            He displays his humility and his true position by this declaration of himself.

            By calling himself this way he also demonstrated the relative unimportance of being connected to Jesus by a human relationship. Being of the same blood as Jesus did not impart any spiritual favors or extra grace. While it is assured at the time that Jude composed this letter, he had a true appreciation for being the half-brother of Jesus it wasn’t always this way. Think about how difficult it would have been living in a household with a perfect brother. But of more importance would be this new relationship with Jesus. While family blood is precious, there is nothing more precious than the blood of Christ. Jude would probably echo what Paul wrote:

Therefore from now on we recognize no man according to the flesh; even though we have known Christ according to the flesh,[1] yet now we know Him thus no longer. 2 Corinthians 5:16

            Brother of James- The leader of the Jerusalem Church and the half-brother of our Lord Jesus Christ:

“Is this not the carpenter’s son? Is not His mother called Mary, and His brothers,[2] James and Joseph and Simon and Judas? Matthew 13:55
“Is not this the carpenter, the son of Mary, and brother of[3] James, and Joses, and Judas, and Simon? Are not His sisters here with us? And they took offense[4] at Him. Mark 6:3

            James is also responsible for the epistle that bears his name. He would be well-known and well respected in Christian circles.

            To those- Jude writes specifically to Christians. This is not an evangelistic tract but deals with subjects that believers needed to hear, but often do not want to. This book is as relevant today as it was 2,000 years ago. 

            Called- (Gr. Kletois)- This is the beginning of a three-fold description by Jude of who he is writing to.            

            The expression, called, refers to God’s sovereign call to salvation in His electing grace. This is a reflection to the past for a Christian. His readers have been called to salvation. This is His activity in summoning those He chose for salvation:

                        among whom you also are the called[5] of Jesus Christ; Romans 1:6

and whom He predestined, these He also called;[6] and whom He called, these He also justified;[7] and whom He justified, these He also glorified.[8] Romans 8:30

but to those who are the called, both Jews and Greeks, Christ the power of God and the wisdom of God.[9] 1 Corinthians 1:24

There is one body and one Spirit, just as also you were called in one hope of your calling; Ephesians 4:4

seeing that His divine power has granted to us everything pertaining to life and godliness, through the true knowledge of Him who called us by His own glory and excellence. 2 Peter 1:3

            Beloved in (with, by) God- This is the second descriptive and refers to the present activity of God toward the believer. By using the verbal form “loved” it indicates a past action that is running now and forever. His is a binding love in a tight relationship. God “loves” the world but “calls” only a select few.

            The Father, who is love:

And we have come to know and have believed the love which God has for us. God is love, and the one who abides in love, abides in God, and God abides in him.[10] 1 John 4:16

            Has set His love on His people:

6 “For you are a holy people to the LORD your God; the LORD your God has chosen you to be a people for His own possession out of all the peoples who are on the face of the earth.
7” The LORD did not set His love on you nor choose you because you were more in number than of the peoples, for you were the fewest of all peoples,
8 but because the LORD loved you and kept the oath which He swore to your forefathers, the LORD brought you out by a mighty hand, and redeemed you from the house of slavery; from the hand of Pharaoh king of Egypt.[11] Deuteronomy 7:6-8

            Kept for Jesus Christ- The third descriptive phrase of who Jude was writing to.

To be kept assures us that no matter what we face we will eternally belong to Christ. It can be easy to forget this with the many pressures that we face in the world today. We must remember that at all time Jesus Christ is our guardian and our protector. This positive reassurance should allow us all to get up in the morning with a smile on our face and confidence in what the world has in store for us.

Those who believe in Him will be preserved until the time of His coming to gather us together:

Now may the God of peace [reconciliation with God] Himself sanctify [our experiential walk] you entirely; and may your spirit and soul and body[12] be preserved complete, without blame at the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ.[13] 1 Thessalonians 5:23

For this reason I also suffer these things, but I am not ashamed; for I know whom I have believed[14] and I am convinced that He is able to guard what I have entrusted[15] to Him until that day. 2 Timothy 1:12

who are protected by the power of God through faith for a salvation ready to be revealed in the last time. 1 Peter 1:5

Throughout this passage we see the Godhead in their majesty and in their working:
·         The calling is the active work of the Holy Spirit
·         Love emanates from the Father
·         And the keeping is a work of the ministry of the Son

No matter what position we find ourselves in God has us just where we are needed and when we are needed by His sovereign will.

“The nature of the salutation reflects the writer’s attitude. Jude’s choice of words introduces his deep-seated compassion and heartfelt concern for his readers. He longed for them to know in the fullest measure God’s “mercy, peace, and love.” Jude overflowed with love for the believers while warning them about those who were making their way into the church to destroy it, those who knew nothing of Go’s mercy, peace, or love. “[16]

[1] Before his conversion, Paul regarded Christ as merely another man.
[2] His brothers- These were the sons of Joseph and Mary born subsequent to the birth of Jesus from Mary alone. To understand them as sons of Joseph by a former marriage or cousins of Jesus is contrary to the usual sense of brothers.
[3] Brother 0f- The four half-brothers and two or more half-sisters were children of Joseph and Mary born after Jesus (Matthew 1:25). James became the leader of the church in Jerusalem and author of the Epistle of James. Jude wrote the letter that bears his name.
[4] They took offense- Something stood in the way of the believing in Him.
[5] The called- I.e., those who have been summoned by God to salvation (Romans 8:30).
[6] See Romans 1:6.
[7] See Romans 3:24.
[8] Glorified- The tense of this word shows that our future glorification is so certain that it can be said to be accomplished. Those who were foreknown will all be glorified without loss of a single one.
[9] In vv. 18-25 Paul shows that worldly wisdom, which the Corinthians prized so highly, is the very antithesis of the wisdom of God.
[10] To live a love-filled life is to be God-filled.
[11] God’s sovereign choice of Israel was not based on the size of the nation (Abraham received the promise while still childless, and Jacob’s immediate family consisted of only 70 individuals) but stemmed from His love and from faithfulness to His covenant purpose for them.
[12] Spirit and soul and body- This should not be understood as defining the parts of man, but as representing the whole man.
[13] This verse, along with v. 24, are a prayer that closes the section of instruction and exhortation begun at 4:1.
[14] Whom I have believed- I.e., on whose trustworthiness I have staked my faith.
[15] What I have entrusted- Literally, the deposit. Paul’s trust is well-founded, for God will preserve this deposit of faith in Christ until the day of judgment, when all dangers will be past. Some understand this to refer to God’s deposit of gifts in Paul’s life (as in v. 14 and 1 Timothy 6:20).
[16] The Bible Knowledge Commentary, p 919.

Monday, August 17, 2020

Psalm 11

A verse-by-verse study of Psalm 11. When faced with the temptation to flee from danger, David remains steadfast and trusts in the Lord.

Psalm 11

Revelation 15

A verse-by-verse study of Revelation 15. A prelude as the seven angels are given the seven bowls of wrath and prepare themselves to pour them out on unbelieving, unregenerate mankind.

Revelation 15:1-4

Revelation 15:5-8

Psalm 10

A verse-by-verse study of Psalm 10. David cries out the Lord to come near him and be with him through his tribulations and not to forget the poor and afflicted.

Psalm 10

Saturday, August 8, 2020

Verse of the Week: Daniel 9:27

“And he will make a firm covenant with the many for one week, but in the middle of the week he will put a stop to sacrifice and grain offering; and on the wing of abominations will come one who makes desolate even until a complete destruction, one that is decreed, is poured out on the one who makes desolate.” Daniel 9:27

(The majority of the footnotes are from the Ryrie Study Bible. Their purpose is to clarify Bible verses used in reference to our study. All Bible quotations are from the New American Standard Bible.)

This is the closing verse of one of the most important prophetic portions of the entire Old and New Testament. I would urge you to master Daniel 9:24-27 to deepen your understanding of Bible prophecy and to give you a firmer foundation for future prophecy studies.

“And he will make a firm covenant with the many for one week, but in the middle of the week he will put a stop to sacrifice and grain offering; and on the wing of abominations will come one who makes desolate even until a complete destruction, one that is decreed, is poured out on the one who makes desolate.” Daniel 9:27

                He will make- This has only been possible since May 14, 1948 with the founding of the modern state of Israel. Before this Israel did not exist as a nation, so therefore this prophecy could not be fulfilled. Today Israel is in the proper place to enter the covenant predicted in this passage. Since 1948, there have been numerous attempts at Geneva, the United Nations, Camp David, and in unilateral agreements to bring peace between Israel and the surrounding Arab nations. But to date, all such attempts have failed. 

The “He” is the Antichrist who was previously introduced in 7:8, 24-26. “He” will be a Roman king, since the immediate context is the destruction of Jerusalem by the Romans. This fits the description of the antichrist, who will rise out of the Roman Empire. He is so well known in the Old Testament prophecy that Daniel simply referred to him as “the prince that is to come” (v. 26).

                A firm covenant- The antichrist will make an agreement wit the Jewish people and their enemies. Among its features will be the reestablishment of temple sacrifices. Under the auspices of the antichrist, the Arabs will allow the Jerusalem temple to be rebuilt and the sacrifices celebrated.

                With the many- Many of the Jews will be deceived, but not all. Some will oppose the rebuilt temple aware that the next temple is to be built by Messiah. Other Jews have become believers under the ministry of the two witnesses.  They are aware that this fits the prophetic scenario and the reason to oppose this temple. The many refers to those unbelieving Jews who enter into an alliance with the prince that shall come, the antichrist. Such an alliance will obviously be an unholy relationship and ultimately to the detriment of the people of Israel, however promising it may be at its inception.

                This covenant, when ratified, begins the 7-year tribulation.

                One week- The agreement is to last 7 years. This is “DANIEL’S SEVENTIETH WEEK.”

                Middle of the week- After 3 ½ years the antichrist will break his covenant with Israel and desecrate the Temple by demanding worship of himself in it:

“Therefore when you see the ABOMINATION OF DESOLATION[1] which was spoken through Daniel the prophet, standing in the holy place (let the reader understand), Matthew 24:15

who opposes and exalts himself [Antichrist] above every so-called god or object of worship, so that he takes his seat in the temple of God, displaying himself as being God. 2 Thessalonians 2:4

                At the midpoint of the Tribulation, after his apparent “resurrection” from the dead, the antichrist will desecrate the rebuilt Jewish Temple in Jerusalem by placing himself there to be worshiped, not only by the Jews, but by all the world. He will demand worship of everyone. This will be the climax of man’s great sin of self-deification, in open defiance of God.  

                The Bible speaks of two Temple’s in Israel’s future. The first two temples have come and gone, while the final two have yet to appear. The Tribulation temple (the third temple) will be next, while the Millennial Temple (the fourth temple) will appear after Jesus the Messiah returns to planet Earth and builds it to use during His messianic kingdom.


                It will be a look in vain to find a scripture that says, “There is going to be a third Temple.” But the fact that there will be a Jewish Temple in Jerusalem at least by the midpoint of the seven-year tribulation period is supported by at least four scriptures:

                Daniel 9:27 (the verse we are currently examining)

                Matthew 24:15, 16
16 then let those who are in Judea flee to the mountains; Matthew 24:15, 16

                When Jesus spoke of the “abomination of desolation…standing in the holy place,” He is referring to the same event that Daniel refers to in Daniel 9:27. The “holy place” is reference to the most sacred room within Israel’s Temple. What Temple? There is no Temple now. How can this be fulfilled since there is not a Jewish Temple standing. The third temple must be seen as a future event. Dr. Tim LaHaye tells us that “Matthew 24:15 portrays the ‘abomination of desolation,’ when the Antichrist desecrates the rebuilt temple in Jerusalem.” He then adds, “Obviously it has to be rebuilt in order to be desecrated.”

                2 Thessalonians 2:3, 4
3 Let no one in any way deceive you, for it will not come unless the apostasy[2] comes first, and the man of lawlessness[3] is revealed, the son of destruction,
4 who opposes and exalts himself above every so called-god or object of worship; so that he takes his seat in the temple of God,[4] displaying himself as being God. 2 Thessalonians 2:3, 4

                In this passage we see, for the third time, a description of “the abomination of desolation.” This time it is referred to a as the event in which the antichrist “takes his seat in the temple of God.”  Once e again, which Temple?   The clear answer is the future third temple. Dr. Charles Ryrie tells us that at “the midpoint of the tribulation period the Antichrist will desecrate the rebuilt Jewish temple in Jerusalem by placing himself there to be worshiped.” This act of self-deification is the “abomination of desolation.

                Revelation 11:1, 2
1 And there was given to me a measuring rod like a staff; and someone said, “Rise and measure the temple of God,[5] and the altar, and those who worship in it.
2 And leave out the court which is outside the temple, and do not measure it, for it has been given to the nations; and they will tread under foot the holy city for forty-two months.[6] Revelation 11:1, 2

                Since this section of Revelation in which this passage appears takes place during the tribulation period, this is a reference to Israel’s third Temple in Jerusalem.


            The Bible teaches in Ezekiel 40-48 that there will be a fourth Temple. This final temple will be the center from which worship of Jesus Christ during the Millennium will be focused:

And He said to me, “Son of man, this is the place of My throne and the place of the soles of My feet, where I will dwell among the sons of Israel forever. And the house of Israel will not again defile My name, neither they nor their kings, by their harlotry,[7] and by corpses of their kings when they die, Ezekiel 43:7

As for you son of man, describe the temple to the house of Israel, that they may ashamed of their iniquities; and let them measure the plan. Ezekiel 43:10

                The Old Testament refers to the sacrifices that will take place in the Millennial Temple in the following passages: Isaiah 56:7; 60:7, 13; 66:20-23; Jeremiah 33:15-22; Zechariah 14:16-21. 

       These sacrifices are not for the expiation of sin but as a memorial, a remembrance, of what Christ did for us.

                Put to a stop sacrifice and grain offering- When these are stopped is the time for the Jews to flee to the mountains:

15 “Therefore when you see the ABOMINATION OF DESOLATION which was spoken through Daniel the prophet, standing in the holy place (let the reader understand),
16 then let those who are in Judea flee to the mountains; Matthew 24:15, 16

Many believe the place that they will flee to will be the mountains of Petra.

Some have postulated that this verse refers to Christ and His death on the cross. However, they forget that the Jews continued to carry out the sacrifices until the Roman army came and defeated them in 70 AD. It was the Romans who stopped the sacrifices then, it will be a Roman who will stop the sacrifices during the Tribulation.

                Sacrifice- A reference to offerings that would cover their sins. This relates to the bloody offerings. Unfortunately for them since the sacrifice of Jesus Christ, their offerings are worthless.

                Grain offering- This refers to non-bloody offerings that were an expression of thanksgiving and dedication to God.

                On the wing- This involves some symbolism familiar to the author and his readers. This should be a lesson to all Bible students that not everything is plainly explained to us. There will be things we read and study that we just don’t know what it means.

                This could refer to the outstretched wings of some bird to which the ruler is tacitly compared or else the hawk like wings that adorned the royal insignia of the kings of Egypt, Assyria, and Rome.

                Who makes desolate- This is the ushering in of the last three and a half years of the Great Tribulation. The final horrors of the Tribulation.

                A complete desolation- The dictator will hold sway until the wrath of God is poured out in fury on the God-defying world of the Beast.

                One that is decreed- In summary, it may be concluded that Daniel’s great prophecy of the seventy sevens comprehends the total history of Israel from the time of Nehemiah in 445 BC, until the second coming of Jesus Christ. In the first period of seven sevens, the city and streets are rebuilt. In the second period of sixty-two sevens which follows, the Messiah appears and is living at the conclusion of that period. In the parenthesis between he sixty-ninth and seventieth seven, at least two major events take place:

1.       The cutting off of the Messiah (the death of Christ)
2.       The destruction of Jerusalem in 70
Though the church is founded during the time there is no mention of the church anywhere in the Old Testament.

                The final period of seven years begins with the introduction of a covenant relationship between the future “prince that shall come” and “the many,” the people of Israel. This covenant is observed for the first half of the future seven-year period, then the special liberties and protections granted Israel are taken away; and Israel becomes persecuted in their time of great tribulation. The beginning of the last three and one-half years of the seventy sevens of Daniel, is marked by the desecration of the future temple, the stopping of the sacrifices, and the desolation of the Jewish religion. It is this period referred to by Christ as the great tribulation in Matthew 24:15-26.

                The culmination of the entire prophecy of the seventy weeks is the second advent of Jesus Christ which closes the seventieth seven of Israel as well as the time of the Gentiles pictured in Daniel’s prophecies of the four great world empires. For most of the period, the two great lines of prophecy relating to the Gentiles and Israel run concurrently and both with the same major event- the second advent of Jesus Christ.  At this point, the oppressed Israel is delivered, and the oppressor, the Gentiles, are judged. With Israel back in the land, the fulfillment of these prophecies may not be too long distant.

[1] Abomination of desolation. This is the man of sin (2 Thessalonians 2:4), the Antichrist, who at this midpoint in the tribulation breaks his covenant which he made at the beginning of the tribulation with the Jewish people (Daniel 9:24), and demands that they and the world worship him. Those who resist will be martyred; that is the reason for he urgency of the instructions in Matthew 24:16-22). The antichrist will make his center of worship in Jerusalem.
[2] Two trains of thought have come to light on what is meant by the apostasy. An aggressive and climatic revolt against God which will prepare the way of the appearance of the man of sin. Another, more recent line of translation, is that this is an actual reference to the Rapture.
[3] Man of lawlessness. While it is true that the forces of lawlessness were at work in Paul’s time and are at word today, the man of lawlessness is an individual of the future who will come to power during the tribulation days. John also recognized the presence of many antichrists in his time (1 John 2:18) as well as the coming of one great Antichrist in the future (Revelation 11:7; 13:1-10).
[4] takes his seat in the temple of God. At the midpoint of the tribulation period the Antichrist will desecrate the rebuilt Jewish temple in Jerusalem by placing himself there to be worshiped (see notes on Matthew 24:15). This will be the climax of man’s great sin of self-deification, in open defiance of God.
[5] The temple of God. Apparently the temple which will be rebuilt during the tribulation days, in which Jewish worship will be carried on during the first part of that period and in which, at the mid-point of the seven year period, the man of sin will exalt himself to be worshiped (2 Thessalonians 2:4).
[6] Forty-two months. This equals three and one-half years and probably refers to the last half of the tribulation period.
[7] Harlotry. Temple prostitution.

Psalm 9

A verse-by-verse study of Psalm 9. David pours out his heart for justice and compassion on the poor and needy.

Psalm 9

Revelation 14:9-20

A verse-by-verse study of Revelation 14:9-20. John witnesses the horrible future that lies in wait for those who accept the Mark of the Beast.

Revelation 14:9-20

Revelation 14:1-8

A verse-by-verse study of Revelation 14:1-8. John is given a vision of the 144,000 with Jesus Christ on Mt. Zion.

Revelation 14:1-8

Revelation 13:6-18

A verse-by-verse study of Revelation 13:6-18. John concludes his vision of the Antichrist and sees a second beast, the False Prophet, coming on the scene.

Revelation 13:6-18

Revelation 13:1-5

A verse-by-verse study of Revelation 13:1-5. John begins his description of the terrible beast that comes out of the sea, the Antichrist.

Revelation 13:1-5

Palm 8

A verse-by-verse study of Psalm 8. In this psalm David speaks of the glory of God, and how the glory of man and his destiny reflect upon God.

Sunday, August 2, 2020

Verse of the Week: Daniel 9:26

Verse of the Week: Daniel 9:26

“Then after the sixty-two weeks the Messiah will be cut off and have nothing, and the people of the prince who is to come will destroy the city and the sanctuary. And its end will come with a flood; even the end there will be war; desolations are determined. Daniel 9:26

The Siege of Jerusalem in the year 70 AD was the decisive event of the First Jewish–Roman War, in which the Roman army captured the city of Jerusalem and destroyed both the city and its Temple. The Roman army, led by the future Emperor Titus, with Tiberius Julius Alexander as his second-in-command, besieged and conquered the city of Jerusalem, which had been controlled by Judean rebel factions since 66 AD, following the Jerusalem riots of 66, when the Judean provisional government was formed in Jerusalem.

The siege of the city began on 14 April 70 AD, three days before the beginning of Passover that year. The siege lasted for about four months; it ended in August 70 AD on Tisha B'Av with the burning and destruction of the Second Temple. The Romans then entered and sacked the Lower City. The Arch of Titus, celebrating the Roman sack of Jerusalem and the Temple, still stands in Rome. The conquest of the city was complete on approximately 8 September 70 AD.

Josephus places the siege in the second year of Vespasian, which corresponds to the year 70 AD.[1]

“Then after the sixty-two weeks the Messiah will be cut off and have nothing, and the people of the prince who is to come will destroy the city and the sanctuary. And its end will come with a flood; even the end there will be war; desolations are determined. Daniel 9:26

After sixty-two weeks- From the completion of the construction of Jerusalem to the coming of the Messiah would be sixty-two weeks, or four hundred and thirty-four years. Altogether, from the signing of the decree to rebuild Jerusalem by Artaxerxes on March 14, 1445 BC, to the Messiah would be four hundred and eighty-three years.

                Plus the first seven weeks, for a total of 69 weeks important events were to occur. The events recorded here takes place after the crucifixion of Christ. The two most important events to occur after the 69 weeks were:

1.       The Messiah was to be cut off (crucified), and

2.       The city of Jerusalem and the Temple were to be destroyed.

These events were to occur between the 69th week and the 70th week.

Messiah will be cut off- The crucifixion of the Messiah. Within a few days after the people had shouted, “Hosanna,” they shouted, “Crucify Him!” and in response to their shouts the religious leaders and the people crucified the King. The adulation of the crowd at the triumphal entry and the devotion of those who had been touched by His previous ministry was to no avail. The unbelief of Israel and the calloused indifference of religious leaders when confronted with the claims of Christ combined with the hardness of the heart of Gentile rulers to make the greatest of tragedies. Thus, the cutting off of the Messiah happened after the 69 weeks. We read in Isaiah:

                                By oppression and judgment He was taken away;

                                                And as for His generation, who considered

                                                That He was cut off out of the land of the living,

                                                For the transgression of My people to whom the stroke was due?

                                                Isaiah 53:8

                Christ was not only “cut off” from man and from life, but in His cry on the cross it is indicated that He was forsaken of God for a short time while the sins of the world was placed upon Him. The plaintive cry of “My God, My God, why has Thou forsaken Me?” reveals not only the awfulness of separation from God but points also the answer- the redemptive purpose.

Have nothing- (Heb. weenlo) This Hebrew word means “nothing” or “no one.” The phrase has been interpreted as:

1.       The destruction of Jerusalem

2.       It was not for His own sins that He was cut off, but the sins of others.

3.       He shall have no kingdom as of yet. Nothing that rightly belonged to Him as Messiah the Prince was given Him at that time. He had not come into His full reward nor the exercise of His regal authority. Looking at the circumstances through human eyes, it would appear that evil won.

4.       He will be bereft of followers, all of them will fell from Him at the time of His arrest, trial, and death. Only if the meaning of the word is “no one.”

5.       It suggests that He will die without any material wealth or resources if the meaning of the word means “nothing.”

From my studies #3 is the best explanation for this passage.

People of the prince who is to come- The destruction of the temple was done by the Romans in 70 AD. Titus, the Roman general, destroyed the city of Jerusalem and the Temple. This occurred some 38 years after the end of the end of the 69th week.

                Carefully note the wording of this prophecy. The people of the prince, not the prince himself, shall destroy the city and the sanctuary. Josephus, who was a captive of the Roman army besieging Jerusalem, wrote that after the death of Nero, General Galba was recalled to be made emperor.

Figure 1Galba

But a conspiracy that opposed him developed and the general was assassinated. After Galba, Otho was made emperor, but he was not capable of ruling; and like Nero, he committed suicide. There followed a period of revolution and political instability. Finally, the general in command of the Roman-Israeli expedition was recalled restoring order and become emperor. This man was General Vespasian, the father of Capatian Titus.

Figure 2Vespasian

When Vespasian left for Rome, he made his son Titus general, and left him in charge of the siege. Just a few days before the assault on Jerusalem, Vespasian was crowned emperor of the Roman Empire, making Titus a prince. Therefore, the army which destroyed Jerusalem and the Temple was committed by a prince.

Figure 3Titus

                Since these events were to occur after the 69 weeks had run their course and before the 70th week began, there must be a space of time between conclusion of the sixty-ninth week and the beginning of the seventieth.

                Some have erroneously attributed that the prince is Christ. If this is true, then Christians must have destroyed the city and the sanctuary. There were very few, if any, Christians in Jerusalem at the time of its destruction. In fact, the Christians, heeded the warnings of Jesus in Luke:

20 “But when you see Jerusalem surrounded by armies, then recognize that her desolation is at hand.

21 “Then let those who are in Judea flee to the mountains, and let those who are in the midst of the city depart, and let not those who are in the country enter the city;         Luke 21:20, 21

                They fled the city during a temporary withdrawal of the hostile army and reached the mountains of Pella.

Destroy the city- After the Messiah was crucified, the city and the Temple were destroyed. In the forty years in the wilderness, Israel only spent two years going to the Promised Land. But because of unbelief, they spent thirty-eight years in the desert until all that generation died, with the exception of Joshua and Caleb. Thirty-eight years after Jesus was crucified, the city and the Temple were destroyed. Not even one stone was left upon another as Christ had predicted:

And He answered and said to them, “Do you not see all these things? Truly I say to you, not one stone will be left upon another, which will not be torn down.” Matthew 24:2

And the sanctuary- Titus attempted to spare what was left of the city and the Temple. For some unexplained reason, as recorded by Josephus, the well-trained and disciplined army went berserk, pillaged and burned the city and the Temple. Titus personally intervened at the Temple to save it, but the soldiers, according to Josephus, were seized by a “divine urge” and refused to heed t the hand sings of Titus or his voice. Thus, Jerusalem and the Temple were destroyed by the people of the prince.

                It is said that a torch was thrown into the Temple igniting the curtain and the oil. The flames melted the gold objects and the melted gold ran down into the openings between the building stones. In an effort to get to the gold soldiers tore down the Temple, brick by brick. Thus, fulfilling the words of Christ.

with a flood- This is used to denote warlike hosts who annihilate their enemies in Daniel. This seems to be a general reference to the fact that from the time of destruction of the city of Jerusalem, trouble, war, and desolation will be the normal experience of the people of Israel and will end only at the consummation of history. History has demonstrated more than once that this is true.


Next week Daniel 9:27


2 Peter 2:14-22